مقالات انگلیسی

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Medication

MEDICATIN ALL
نوشته شده توسط دکتر افشین عشقی

Pharmacologic therapy of type 2 diabetes has changed dramatically in the last 10 years, with new drugs and drug classes becoming available

These drugs allow for the use of combination oral therapy, often with improvement in glycemic control that was previously beyond the reach of medical therapy.Agents used in diabetic therapy include the following

Biguanides

Metformin (Glucophage, Fortamet, Glumetzam, Riomet)

 

Traditionally, diet modification has been the cornerstone of diabetes management

Weight loss is more likely to control glycemia in patients with recent onset of the disease than in patients who are significantly insulinopenic. Medications that induce weight loss, such as orlistat, may be effective in highly selected patients but are not generally indicated in the treatment of the average patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Patients who are symptomatic at initial presentation with diabetes may require transient treatment with insulin to reduce glucose toxicity (which may reduce beta-cell insulin secretion and worsen insulin resistance) or an insulin secretagogue to rapidly relieve symptoms such as polyuria and polydipsia

MEDICATION

MEDICATION ORAL

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